One of the tools that can help facilitate this is blockchain technology. A blockchain is essentially a decentralized database capable of storing information that is distributed, i.e., not in one place but spread across the computers of all the network members. This technology solves
three main problems that democracy and electoral systems face everywhere: the risk of vote rigging, low turnout and the laborious process of counting votes.
Because it's transparent and secure, blockchain technology can help restore people's confidence in the political process. After all, corruption still blights elections in countries where democracy is not firmly established. Currently, voters go to a polling station, fill out their ballot papers and place them in ballot boxes for independent officials to count. This method is based on trusting the authorities to collect and count votes honestly. Who can guarantee the honesty and incorruptibility of this approach? Most likely no one.
With utilizing blockchain technology and a number of cryptoalgorithms, anonymized and encrypted votes are sent directly to the blockchain and then counted and decrypted automatically, without revealing any intermediate results. It's makes much harder for malicious actors to interfere or influence the process. It may sound fantastic, but this is exactly how the Polys online voting system works
. Moreover, any voter can personally verify that their vote has been accepted, written down in a blockchain and taken into account. Of course, this requires certain skills, but it is possible
When voters see the result, there will be no room for doubt. And here we turn to the next advantage of online elections based on blockchain technology — an increase in turnout. (Of course, 'turnout' may not the best way to describe the process of voting via the Internet, without actually visiting a polling station.)
But perhaps the main advantage of online elections based on blockchain technology is not the increased turnout and not even the reduction in costs, but a strong interest among today's youth.